prepared by Rabbi Eliezer Chrysler of Kollel Iyun Hadaf
Rosh Kollel: Rabbi Mordecai Kornfeld
ERCHIN 15 - Two weeks of study material have been dedicated by Mrs. Estanne Abraham Fawer to honor the twelfth Yahrzeit of her father, Rav Mordechai ben Eliezer Zvi (Rabbi Morton Weiner) Z'L, who passed away on 18 Teves 5760. May the merit of supporting and advancing Dafyomi study -- which was so important to him -- during the weeks of his Yahrzeit serve as an Iluy for his Neshamah.
(a) What is the case of 'Motzi-Shem-Ra'?
(b) How does our Mishnah explain 'be'Motzi-Shem-Ra Lehakel u'Lehachmir'?
(c) What does the Tana mean when he extrapolates from here that speech is more stringent than an act. Which act is he referring to?
(d) What does the Tana comment, based on the Pasuk in Sh'lach l'cha (in connection with the sin of the Meraglim) "Vayenasu Osi Zeh Eser Pe'amim"?
(a) What does the Torah rule, in the event that the man is telling the truth?
(b) What does Rava therefore learn from the Pasuk in ki Seitzei "Ki Hotzi Shem-Ra"?
(c) Based on the Pasuk in Iyov "bi'Melos Safko Yeitzer lo", what did Rav Hamnuna say which leads us to believe that maybe the decree of the Dor ha'Midbar was not due to the Meraglim alone?
(d) How do we then learn that it was from the above-mentioned Pasuk in Sh'lach-l'cha "Va'yenasu Osi Zeh Eser Pe'amim"?
(a) How does Rebbi Elazar ben P'rata extrapolate from the Meraglim what a terrible sin Lashon ha'Ra is?
(b) We query this on the basis of the Meraglim's statement " ... kii Chazak He Mimenu". What did they mean by that?
(c) How does that cause us to query Rebbi Elazar ben P'rata's inference?
(d) How does Rabah Amar Resh Lakish refute this suggestion, based on the Pasuk there "Vayamusu ha'Anashim Motzi'ei Dibas ha'Aretz Ra'ah"?
(a) How many trials (that Yisrael tested Hash-m up to the time of the Meraglim) are listed by Rebbi Yehudah in a Beraisa?
(b) He lists two at the Yam-Suf, two regarding water, two by the Manna and two by the quails. What are the last two on his list?
(c) If the first trial at the Yam-Suf was their complaint before they entered it ('Are there not enough graves in Egypt'?), what was the second one, based on Rav Huna, who described Yisrael of that generation as 'Ketanei Emunah'?
(a) What did Hash-m order the Angel of the sea (Neptune) to do, to allay Yisrael's fears?
(b) On what grounds did the latter object?
(c) How did Hash-m reassure him?
(d) What did Hash-m reply when he complained that it is not respectful for a servant to claim his debt from his Master?
(e) What do we learn from the Pasuk "Vayar Yisrael es Mitzrayim Meis al-S'fas ha'Yam"?
(a) If the first trial regarding the water took place at Marah (where the bitter water became sweet), what was the second trial that took place in Refidim?
(b) If the first trial regarding the Manna was that the people went out to gather it on Shabbos (even though they had been instructed not to), what was the second?
(c) If the first trial regarding the quails took place in Beshalach, after they ran out of the dough that they took with them from Egypt (to fall simultaneously with the Manna), what was the second, that took place in Parshas Beha'aloscha)?
(a) How does Rebbi Yochanan in the name of Rebbi Yossi ben Zimra explain the Pasuk in Tehilim "Mah Yiten l'cha u'Mah Yosif Lach, Lashon Remiyah"? Besides two walls (one of bone and one of flesh), which two protections does the tongue enjoy, that ought to keep it quiet?
(b) What does the same author comment about someone who speaks Lashon ha'Ra, based on the Pasuk in Tehilim ...
1. ... " ... asher Amru li'Leshoneinu Nagbir, Sefaseinu Itanu, Mi Adon Lanu"?
2. ... "Meloshni be'Seiser Re'eihu, Oso Atzmis" (which generally means 'I will destroy')?
(c) How does he learn this from the combination of Unklus' translation of the Pasuk (in connection with the sale of a house in a walled city "li'Tzemisus" and a Mishnah in Megilah, which refers to a 'Metzora Muchlat'?
(a) How does Resh Lakish explain the Pasuk "Zos Tih'yeh Toras ha'Metzora"? Of what is "Metzora" the acronym?
(b) Based on the Pasuk in Tehilim "Im Yishoch ha'Nachash ... ve'Ein Yisron le'Ba'al ha'Lashon", Resh Lakish describes how all the wild beasts in time to come, will ask the snake that a lion eats its prey alive, a wolf tears it apart before eating it, but they at least, benefit from their prey. What benefit does he (the snake), derive from his prey? What will it answer?
(c) What does the same author say about someone who speaks Lashon ha'Ra, based on the Pasuk in Tehilim "Satu ba'Shamayim Pihem, u'Leshonam Tihalach ba'Aretz?
(d) What does Rav Chisda Amar Mar Ukva say about the same subject, based on the Pasuk ...
1. ... in Eichah "Tzamsu ba'Bor Chayai, Va'yadu Even bi"?
2. ... in Tehilim "Meloshni be'Seiser Re'eihu Oso Atzmis, G'vah Einayim ... Oso Lo Uchal"? How does he amend "Oso"?
(e) With what sort of person do others associate this Pasuk?
(a) How does the same author interpret the Pasuk in Tehilim "Chitzei Gibor Shinunim im Gachalei Resamim"? What does Hash-m say to the Angel of Gehinom?
(b) What does Rebbi Chama b'Rebbi Chanina suggest as the remedy for a Ba'al Lashon ha'Ra, depending upon his Torah knowledge?
(c) Rebbi Acha b'Rebbi Chanina disagrees. What is his objection, based on the Pasuk in Tehilim "Yachreis Hash-m Kol Sifsei Chalakos"?
(d) How does he therefore amend his brother's statement?
(a) What does Tana de'bei Rebbi Yishmael learn from the following four Pesukim: "Lashon Medaberes Gedolos" (Tehilim); "Ana Chata ha'Am ha'Zeh Chata'ah Gedolah" (in Ki Sisa, in connection with the Golden Calf); "ve'Eich E'eseh ha'Ra'ah ha'*Gedolah* ha'Zos" (in Mikeitz, in connection with the wife of Potifera's charms); "Gadol Avoni mi'Neso" (in Bereishis, in connection with Kayin's sentence for slaying Hevel)?
(b) How does he know that Lashon ha'Ra is compared to all three of them, and not just two?
(c) What did they say in Eretz Yisrael about Lashon ha'Ra? Why did they refer to is as 'Lashon Telisa'i'?
(d) How does it kill three people
(a) What does Rebbi Chama b'Rebbi Chanina learn from the Pasuk ...
1. ... in Mishlei "Ma'ves ve'Chayim be'Yad Lashon"? Since when does the tongue have a hand?
2. ... in Yirmiyah "Chetz Shachut Leshonam"?
3. ... in Tehilim "Shatu ba'Shamayim Pihen, Leshonam Tihalach ba'Aretz"?
(b) Since we have ...
1. ... the previous Pasuk, why does the Torah need to write "Chetz Shachut Leshonam?
2. ... the previous Pasuk , why do we need "Ma'ves ve'Chayim be'Yad Lashon"? What did Rava say?
(a) On what grounds did Abaye object to Rabah's ...
1. ... first statement that 'You'll find fire in P'loni's house' is considered Lashon ha'Ra?
2. ... second statement, that anything that is said in the presence of the person about whom he is speaking is not considered Lashon ha'Ra?
(b) How did Abaye therefore amend the wording of Rabah's first statement?
(c) With regard to Abaye's second objection, Rabah retorted that he holds like Rebbi Yossi. What did Rebbi Yossi testify that he had never done?
(d) What was Abaye's response?
(e) According to Rabah bar Rav Huna, whatever has been said in front of three people is no longer subject to Lashon ha'Ra. Why is that?