hebrew
1)

What are the ramifications of "Es Shabsosai Tishmoru"? Why does the Pasuk insert it here?

1.

Rashi #1 and Ramban: Refer to 26:1:1:1.

2.

Rashi #2: Refer to 26:2:4:3.

3.

Seforno: To teach that when we are exiled from Eretz Yisrael, we are obligated to keep Shabbos. 1


1

See also Ba'al ha'Turim.

2)

And what are the ramifications of "u'Mikdashi Tira'u"?

1.

Rashi #2: Refer to 26:2:4:3.

2.

Rashi #1 and Ramban: Refer to 26:1:1:1. 1

3.

Seforno: It teaches us that we must treat the Shuls and the Batei Midrash 2 with awesomeness.

4.

Targum Yonasan: It means that when one goes to the Beis-Hamikdash, one should go with awe.


1

Ramban: The Eved Ivri is even Chayav to fulfill the Mitzvah of Aliyas ha'Regelon Pesach, Shavu'os and Succos.

2

Seforno: Which the Navi (Yechezkel, 11:16). calls 'Mikdash Me'at'.

3)

Why does the Torah mention specifically Avodah-Zarah, Shabbos and Beis-Hamikdash?

1.

Ramban #1: Because are the most important Mitzvos, and the same applies to all the Mitzvos.

2.

Ramban #2: Because they incorporate all the Mitzvos. 1 -


1

R. Bachye: Shabbos the Mitzvos Asei, and Mikdash, the Mitzvos Lo Sa'aseh (See also R. Chavel's footnotes).

4)

Why does the Torah add "Ani Hashem"?

1.

Rashi #1: It means that Hashem is faithful to reward those who keep His Mitzvos.

2.

Rashi #2 (in Shavu'os, 15b, citing the first Perek of Yevamos): This Pasuk teaches us that building the Beis-Hamikdash does not override Shabbos, 1 because Yisrael and the Beis-Hamikdash are obligated to honor Hashem.


1

Rashi: And Yom-Tov is included in Shabbos.

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