hebrew
1)

Why does the Torah insert "Ki Li b'nei Yisrael Avadim"?

1.

Rashi: To explain to the Nochri that Hashem's document of sale (purchasing Yisrael as Avadim) preceded his.

2.

Ramban (on Pasuk 47): Even though the Nochri is not subject to the laws of Yovel, they do not have the authority to buy Hashem's servants as slaves.

3.

Targum Yonasan: Yisrael are Hashem's Avadim in that they are subservient to His Torah, and may not be enslaved by others. 1


1

See Na'ar Yonasan.

2)

Why does the Torah insert "Ani Hashem Elokeichem"?

1.

Rashi: To teach us that whoever enslaves them on earth, it is as if he has enslaved them above. 1


1

Maskil le'David: With reference to the root of their Neshamos.

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