hebrew
1)

What is the connection between this Pasuk and the previous one?

1.

Seforno: The nicest way of supporting a needy person is by extending him a free-interest loan.

2)

What is the difference between "Neshech" and "Tarbis"?

1.

Rashi: In fact, the Chachamim equate them, and the Torah gives them two names in order to present them as two La'avin.

2.

Ramban: "Neshech" 1 entails lending a Manah at five Shekalim p.a. interest, 2 whereas Ribis entails lending up to a certain date, when the borrower repays the borrowed sum plus five Shekalim. 3


1

Ramban: So-called because the interest grows into a large amount - like the blown-up swelling of a snake-bite. See Ba'al ha'Turim.

2

Ramban: As is customary with a money loan.

3

Ramban: As one tends to do with fruit, where Reuven lends Shimon a measure of fruit until the harvest, when Shimon repays a little extra.

3)

Why does the Torah insert the words "Veyareischa me'Elokecha"?

1.

Rashi #1: Because a person is drawn after interest, and it is difficult to break away from it. Moreover, one allows oneself the liberty of taking interest to offset the loss of his money. 1

2.

Rashi #2: It is warning against lending money on interest using a Nochri as a medium. 2 This is a thing that lies in one's heart, since nobody knows the true facts other than Hashem. Therefore the Torah writes "Veyareischa me'Elokecha".


1

And the only way to put a stop to it, is by instilling in oneself the fear of G-d (See also Ba'al ha'Turim).

2

Refer to 25:38:1:1.

4)

And what are the ramifications of the phrase "ve'Chei Achicha Imach"?

1.

Ramban: Refer to 25:35:1:1*.

2.

Ramban #2 (citing Bava Metzi'a, 62a): It implies an obligation to return a fixed Ribis to the borrower, to enable him to live.

3.

Seforno: It implies that one is only obligated to lend a needy person money if, after extending the loan, one has enough to live on oneself. 1

4.

Rashi (in Kesuvos 15b) and Targum Onkelos: It is a Mitzvah to sustain one's fellow-Jew.

5.

It is a reason for the prohibition against taking interest - because he is your brother and you would not lend your brother money on interest.


1

Seforno: As the Gemara states in Bava Metzi'a, 62a 'Your life takes precedence over somebody else's.

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