hebrew
1)

Why did Hashem ask Kayin where Hevel was (as if He didn't know)?

1.

Rashi: This was Hashem's way of entering into a conversation 1 , hoping that this would prompt him to do Teshuvah.

2.

Seforno: He was actually asking him where he had buried Hevel - for the same reason as Rashi gave 2 .


1

Like He did earlier with Adam (Refer to 3:9:1:1.)

2

Because 'Hashem does not want a person to die, but to do Teshuvah and to live'.

2)

How did Kayin interpret Hashem's question?

1.

Rashi: Kayin took Hashem's question literally, and tried to fool Him into believing that he didn't know where Hevel his brother was. 1

2.

Seforno: Since Hashem's words wards did not come in the form of a prophecy, Kayin thought that Hashem does not always know everything that occurs, and was simply asking for information.


1

See Sifsei Chachamim as to why Rashi did not say the same about Adam in chapter 3, Pasuk 9.

3)

Why did Hashem need to say, Hevel 'your brother'? There was no other Hevel!

1.

Kol Eliyahu, Divrei Eliyahu: Hevel was stronger. Kayin used to call him "my brother" 1 so he would not guard himself from him.


1

Divrei Eliyahu: Kayin answered "Lo Yadati" in the past tense - I did not know whether I would be able to continue acting in a brotherly way.

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