hebrew
1)

Why does the Torah see fit to continue relating the story of Kayin following his punishment?

1.

Ramban #1: To teach us that is "Erech Apayim" inasmuch as, in spite of his sin, he had (and saw) children and grandchildren. In fact, he points out, he has six generations of offspring, two less than Sheis. In the end, Hashem visited the sin of the father on his children, and they were all wiped out in the Flood.

2.

Ramban #2 (citing a Midrash): To teach us that he lived many years right up to the Flood 1 , when he, together with all his descendents die. He did not go in peace down to the grave.


1

Refer to Rashi 4:19:1:1.

2)

Of what significance is Kayin's genealogy, seeing as all his descendents died in the Flood?

1.

Ramban: To teach us that they were the world's first builders and inventors - of cities, shepherding, musical instruments and metal-making.

3)

And why does it record the episode of Lemech and his two wives?

1.

Rashi: The Torah wants to tell us that the death of Hevel would be avenged after seven generations, that Lemech and his son Tuval Kayin (the seventh generation after Kayin) did indeed kill Kayin. 1

2.

Ramban: To teach us that, although Lemech had children, they were wiped out before they had a chance to reproduce.


1

Refer to 4:23:1:1.

4)

רש"י: עמד למך...והרג את קין: לפרוש הנוסף ברש"י שם שלמך לא הרג את קין, למה נכתבה פרשה זו כאן?

1.

גור אריה: לפרוש שלמך לא הרג את קין אלא נשותיו פרשו ממנו בגלל מה שנגזר על זרע קין, נכתבה פרשה זו כאן ללמד על גודל יראתם מעונשו של קין.

2.

גור אריה: למדנו מכאן שגם על זרעו של קין נגזר שימחו [ולא רק על קין עצמו].

5)

רש"י: כך היה דרכן: מנין זאת לרש"י?

1.

גור אריה: לכאורה "שתי נשים" מיותר? ולכן פירש רש"י שהם תמיד לקחו זוג נשים.

6)

רש"י: משקה כוס של עקרין: אם כן, כיצד נתעברה צילה?

1.

גור אריה: הכוס של עיקרין לא הועיל לה, ולכן כתוב (בפסוק כב) "וצילה גם היא ילדה"

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