hebrew
1)

What did Kayin mean when he declared that his sin was too large to bear?

1.

Rashi: This was not a statement, but a question - 'If You can bear the upper world and lower world, why can you not bear my sin?' 1

2.

Targum Yonasan: 'My rebellion is too large to bear, yet You are able to bear it!'

3.

Ramban: Kayin was confessing his sin 2 . "True, he was saying, my sin is beyond forgiveness, but", he continued, "You, in Your mercy, punished me severely, but not with the death-penalty. Yet the punishment 'Na va'Nad Tih'yeh ba'Aretz', which leaves me no possibility of building a home for myself, or a pen for my sheep, renders me at the mercy of all who find me, and will inevitably lead to my death!"

4.

Seforno: Now that Kayin discovered that Hashem knows everything, 3 He also knew that his Teshuvah was based on fear of punishment, and was not sufficient to atone for the sin. 4


1

Mishnas R. Aharon 1 p.20 (Hagahah): Indeed, this is true! It is harder to bear sin than to bear all the worlds. Great Chesed is needed for a sinner to receive his needs. Therefore, he is far from reward in the world to come.

2

This also seems to be the explanation of Targum Onkelus.

3

Refer to 4:9:2:2.

4

Mishnas R. Aharon 1 p.173: After the sin he was very afraid, just at the time of sin he had a spirit of lunacy. This was the level of the early Resha'im!

2)

רש"י: גדול עוני מנשוא- בתמיה: אולי אמר זאת בדרך וידוי?

1.

גור אריה: אם הייתה כוונתו להודות על חטאו לא היה לו לקטרג "גדול עוני מנשוא" שאי אפשר למחול לו, [אלא דבריו נאמרו בתמיה, שבודאי אפשר לנשוא עוונו].

Chumash: Perek: Pasuk:
Month: Day: Year:
Month: Day: Year:

KIH Logo
D.A.F. Home Page
Sponsorships & Donations Readers' Feedback Mailing Lists Talmud Archives Ask the Kollel Dafyomi Weblinks Dafyomi Calendar Other Yomi calendars