prepared by Rabbi Eliezer Chrysler of Kollel Iyun Hadaf
Rosh Kollel: Rabbi Mordecai Kornfeld
CHAGIGAH 6 (25 Nisan) - dedicated by Sandy and Les Wiesel in memory of Les's father, Menachem Yehuda ben Avigdor Yosef Wiesel, who perished in the Holocaust.
(a) Beis Shamai in our Mishnah requires a Katan to be able to ride on his father's shoulders from Yerushalayim until the Har ha'Bayis. Seeing as his mother is not Chayav Re'iyah (and a child who cannot walk holding his father's hand, still needs his mother), how did he get to Yerushalayim in the first place?
(b) From where do we know that a woman is obligated to fulfill the Mitzvah of Simchah together with her husband?
(c) What problem did Rebbi have with Beis Shamai from the Pasuk in Shmuel, which describes how Chanah did not take Shmuel to the Mishkan in Shilo until he was weaned?
(d) We counter this by asking that (even according to Beis Hillel) even according to Beis Hillel, Chanah should have had to go to Shilo in order to fulfill the Mitzvah of Simchah. How do we subsequently solve both problems with one stroke?
(a) Resh Lakish asks whether, according to Beis Shamai, a Katan who is lame is Chayav Re'iyah. Why did he not ask the same She'eilah according to Beis Hillel?
(b) What She'eilah did he add according to both Beis Shamai and Beis Hillel?
(c) Why must he have been referring to a Katan whose lameness and blindness can be cured before he becomes a Gadol?
(d) How does Abaye resolve Resh Lakish's She'eilah?
(a) According to Beis Shamai, the Olas Re'iyah must be more expensive than the Shalmei Chagigah for two reasons. One of them is because it goes entirely to Hash-m. What is the other?
(b) According to Beis Hillel, the Shalmei Chagigah is the more expensive of the two. They too, have two reasons for their ruling. One, because, unlike the Olos Re'iyah, the Shalmei Chagigah were brought before Matan Torah. When was that?
(c) What is Beis their second reason?
(a) On what grounds do Beis Hillel (who disagree with Beis Shamai) ...
1. ... consider the Chagigah (a Shelamim) more significant than the Re'iyah (an Olah)?
2. ... prefer to learn from the Shelamim of the Nesi'im, rather than from the Olos of Shavu'os (like Beis Shamai)?
(b) And on what grounds do Beis Shamai ...
1. ... reject Beis Hillel's proof from Shelamim having been brought before Matan Torah?
2. ... prefer to learn from the Olos of Shavu'os than from the Shelamim of the Nesi'im?
(c) Beis Shamai maintain that the Olah that was brought at Sinai was an Olas Re'iyah (hence their counter argument in 1.). What sort of Olah did they bring at Har Sinai, according to Beis Hillel?
(d) In what connection does Abaye list ...
1. ... Beis Shamai, Rebbi Yishmael and Rebbi Elazar?
2. ... Beis Hillel, Rebbi Akiva and Rebbi Yosi? What do each of these groups of Tana'im have in common?
(a) What does Rebbi Yishmael mean when he says 'Klalos Ne'emru b'Sinai u'Peratos b'Ohel Mo'ed'?
(b) How does the fact that one of the Peratos referred to is the obligation to strip the animal and to cut it up, prove that Rebbi Yishmael too, is of the opinion that the Olah that they brought at Sinai was an Olas Re'iyah (like Beis Shamai)?
(c) According to Rebbi Akiva, both the Klalos and the Peratos were said three times (even though the Torah does not specify the Peratos at Har Sinai). What are the three occasions?
(d) Rebbi Elazar too, is included in Abaye's list of those who learn like Beis Shamai. What did Rebbi Elazar respond, when the Tana Kama of the Beraisa (who follows the opinion of Beis Hillel) quoted the Pasuk in Pinchas "Olas Tamid ha'Asuyah b'Har Sinai"?
(a) Rebbi Akiva maintains that they began bringing the Tamid at Har Sinai and never stopped. How does he then explain the Pasuk in Amos "ha'Zevachim u'Minchah Hikravtem Li ba'Midbar Arba'im Shanah, Beis Yisrael"?
(b) In any case, we see that Rebbi Akiva too, holds like Beis Hillel. Rebbi Yosi ha'Gelili, the third Tana in Abaye's second list, refers to three Mitzvos that come into effect when going up to Yerushalayim on Yom Tov. Which three?
(c) Each of the three has a specialty that the other two do not. The Olas Re'iyah is given totally to Hash-m (though this seems to concur with the opinion of Beis Shamai in 3b); whereas the Chagigah was brought before Matan Torah. What do we prove from here?
(d) What specialty do the Shalmei Simchah enjoy?
(a) We learned earlier that Rebbi Yishmael must concur with Beis Shamai, because if the Olah that they brought at Har Sinai was the Korban Tamid, it would be inconceivable that at Sinai they did not make Hefshet and Nitu'ach, and later they did. We refute this proof however, from another statement of Rebbi Yosi ha'Gelili. Which statement?
(b) What do we finally conclude with regard to Rebbi Yishmael? What have we gained by saying that?
(a) Rav Chisda finds the Pasuk in Yisro "va'Yishlach es Na'arei Bnei Yisrael va'Ya'alu Olos, va'Yizbechu Zevachim la'Hashem Parim" ambiguous? What are the two possible ways of interpreting it?
(b) What do we mean when we ask 'le'Mai Nafka Minah'?
(c) According to Mar Zutra however, the She'eilah is of Halachic significance, because we need to know how to read the Pasuk in Shul (as we just explained). How does Rav Acha Brei d'Rava explain it?
(d) What is the outcome of the She'eilah?