POINT BY POINT OUTLINE
Prepared by Rabbi Yisrael Shaw of Kollel Iyun Hadaf
1) VERSES THAT MADE THE "AMORA'IM" CRY (cont.)
(a) R. Yochanan cried at the verse, "You persuaded Me to
destroy him for no reason" (Iyov 2:3) -- what hope does a
servant have whose Master can be persuaded to destroy
(b) R. Yochanan cried at the verse, "He cannot have faith
even in His holy ones" (Iyov 15:15) -- if in His holy
ones He cannot have faith, then in whom can He have
(c) R. Yochanan cried at the verse, "I will draw near to you
in judgment, and I will be a swift witness against
sorcerers, adulterers, those who swear falsely, and those
who extort the wage of a worker" (Malachi 3:5) -- a
servant whose master is quick to judge him, does he have
(d) R. Yochanan cried at the verse, "For every deed G-d
judges, even everything hidden, whether good or bad"
(Koheles 12:14) -- a servant whose master equates
inadvertent sins with advertent ones, does he have any
1. What does "everything hidden" mean?
(e) R. Yochanan cried at the verse, "Evils that are many and
troubles" (Devarim 31:21) -- a servant whose master
brings upon him evils and troubles, does he have any
i. (Rav): It refers to one who kills a bug in
front of his friend and his friend is disgusted
2. What does "whether good or bad" mean?
ii. (Shmuel): "Everything hidden" refers to one who
spits in front of his friend and his friend is
disgusted by it.
i. (R. Yanai): It refers to one who gives Tzedakah
to a poor person in public, because doing so
ii. (R. Shila): It refers to one who gives
Tzedakah to a woman in private, because doing
so brings her to be suspected.
iii. (Rava): It refers to one who gives meat that is
not yet cut on Erev Shabbos (since, because of
her rush, she will not properly remove the
iv. (Shmuel): It refers to one who gives money to a
poor person when he is pressed (and does not
have a chance to buy food when it is cheap, but
must spent the money for food right away).
1. These evils will be troubles to each other, like a
bee sting and scorpion sting in one place.
2. (Rav): "My anger will rage against him on that day,
I will abandon them, and I will hide My face from
them" (Devarim 31:17) -- all from whom Hashem's face
is not hidden are not "from them," from the Jewish
3. (Rava): "I will certainly hide My face on that day"
(Devarim 31:18) -- even though He hides His face
from them during the day, but He speaks to them in
dreams at night.
(f) (R. Ila): A servant whose master relates to him all of
his speech (Amos 4:13), does he have any hope!
4. (R. Yosef): His hand is stretched over us to protect
us (Yeshayah 51:16).
5. R. Yehoshua ben Chananyah protected the people from
the accusations of heretics.
i. When R. Yehoshua ben Chananyah was dying, the
Rabanan asked him who will now protect them
ii. He answered that when the Jewish people become
weaker, so too do the nations (Yirmiyahu 49:7,
1. This includes even the speech between a man and his
wife (at times of conjugal relations), which is
2. Such speech, however, is permitted when necessary to
2) HASH-M CRIES
(a) (Rav): "My soul will cry in hidden chambers because of
the pride" (Yirmiyah 13:17) -- Hash-m has a place called
"Mistarim" (where He cries).
1. (Rav): "Because of the pride" of Israel that was
taken from them and given to the idolators.
(b) (R. Elazar): Hash-m cried three tears (Yirmiyahu 13:17):
2. (R. Shmuel bar Nachmeni): "Because of the pride"
that was taken from the Heavenly Kingship.
3. Question: Does Hash-m experience sadness? But the
verse says that "joy is in His place" (Divrei
ha'Yamim I 16:27)!
4. Answer: On the outside, there is onlyjoy, but in the
inner chamber, there is sadness as well.
5. When the Beis ha'Mikdash was destroyed, there was
sadness even in His outer chambers (Yeshayah 33:7).
1. One for the first Beis ha'Mikdash, one for the
second Beis ha'Mikdash, and one for the exile of the
(c) (Beraisa): Hash-m cries each day for the person who is
able to learn Torah but does not, for the person who is
unable but does anyway, and for the leader who becomes
haughty over the community.
2. Others say that the third tear was for Bitul Torah,
because there is no greater Bitul Torah than that of
(d) (Rebbi): The honor of the Jewish people has fallen from
great heights to great depths.
(e) Rebbi convinced R. Chiya to take him to visit the blind
Rav of their host town, who blessed them for coming to
see him even though he cannot see them, with the blessing
that they should merit to greet the One who sees but
cannot be seen.
1. Rebbi had learned the importance of visiting a
Talmid Chacham from R. Yakov, who, even into his old
age, visited his Rav every day, as he learned from a
verse in Tehilim (49:10).
(f) R. Idi, the father of R. Yakov, used to travel three
months in order to spend one day learning in the
1. (R. Yochanan): One who learns Torah for even a
single day in the year is as if he learned Torah the
entire year, as derived from a verse (Yeshayah
2. Likewise, one who does an Aveirah even one day in
the year is as if he transgressed for the entire
year, as derived from a verse (Bamidbar 14:34).
Index to Outlines for Maseches Chagigah