THE NEFF FAMILY MASECHES BERACHOS
sponsored by Andy and Nancy Neff
prepared by Rabbi Eliezer Chrysler of Kollel Iyun Hadaf, Yerushalayim
Rosh Kollel: Rabbi Mordecai Kornfeld
(a) In addition to the Pasuk in Michah that we just cited ("va'Asher Hari'osi"), Rebbi Chama b'Rebbi Chanina cites the Pesukim in Yirmiyah "Hinei ka'Chomer be'Yad ha'Yotzer, kein Atem be'Yadi Beis Yisrael", and in Yechezkel "va'Hasirosi es Leiv ha'Even mi'Besarchem, ve'Nasati l'cha Leiv Basar". What do they all have in common?
(b) What does Rebbi Chama b'Rebbi Chanina therefore comment on them?
(c) In what connection does Rav Papa quote the Pasuk in Yechezkel "Ve'es Ruchi Etein be'Kirbechem ve'Asisi es asher be'Chukai Teileichu"?
(a) What is Rebbi Elazar pointing out when he 'amends' the word "el" (in the Pasuk in Beha'aloscha "Vayispalel Moshe el Hash-m") to "al"?
(b) He bases the mandate to do this on Rebbi Eliezer ben Ya'akov. What did Rebbi Eliezer ben Ya'akov used to do?
(c) How does de'Bei Rebbi Yanai learn the same lesson from Moshe's words in the first Pasuk in Devarim "ve'Di Zahav"? What was Moshe intimating when he said that?
(d) What Mashal do they give in connection with a lion roaring to illustrate it?
(a) Rebbi Oshaya compares it to someone who possesses a hefty but weak cow, and Rebbi Chiya bar Aba Amar Rebbi Yochanan to a man who took his son, bathed him, gave him food and drink and hung a purse-full of money round his neck. What is the conclusion of ...
1. ... the first Mashal?
2. ... the second Mashal?
(a) What comment does Rav Acha b'rei de'Rav Huna add, based on the Pasuk in Hoshe'a "ke'Mar'isam va'Yisba'u, Save'u, Vayaram Libam, al-Kein Shechechuni!"?
(b) Rav Nachman learns the same thing from the Pasuk in Eikev "ve'Ram Levavecha ... ". How does the Pasuk continue?
(c) The Rabbanan learn it from the Pasuk in Ha'azinu "Vayishman Yeshurun Vayiv'at", or from the Pasuk in Vayeilech "Ve'achal Ve'sava ve'Dashein ... ". How does the latter Pasuk continue?
(d) What does Rebbi Shmuel bar Nachmeni Amar Rebbi Yonasan extrapolate from the Pasuk in Hoshe'a "ve'Chesef Hirbeisi lahem, ve'Zahav Asu le'Ba'al"?
(a) How does Rebbi Elazar explain the words "Lech Reid" (in the Pasuk in Ki Sisa, following the sin of the Golden Calf, "Lech Reid ki Shicheis Amcha")?
(b) Why did Hash-m order him to do so?
(c) What was Moshe's reaction to that?
(d) How did Hash-m's words "Heref mimeni ve'Ashmidem" galvanize him into action?
(e) What Mashal do we give (to a king who becomes angry with his son and begins beating hm in front of his close friend) to illustrate this?
(a) What did Hash-m say He would do if Moshe would let him?
(b) What does Rebbi Avahu extrapolate from the words "ve'Atah Hanichah Li ... ve'E'esah oscha le'Goy Gadol"? What makes these words awesome?
(c) What did Moshe threaten Hash-m at that point?
(d) To what does Rebbi Elazar attribute Moshe refusal of Hash-m's offer?
(e) What did mean when he added that in addition, Moshe would be embarrassed if that happened?
(a) Rebbi Elazar translates the Pasuk there "Vayechal Moshe" as 'Moshe implored (Hash-m)". How does Rav translates it based on the Gezeirah-Shavah "Vayechal" "Lo Yachel Devaro" (in Matos).
(b) What do the Chachamim learn from LLo Yachel Devaro"?
(c) How does ...
1. ... Rav therefore translate "Vayechal Moshe"?
2. ... Shmuel translate it, based on the Pasuk there "And if not (if You don't accept my Tefilah) erase me from your book!"
(a) Rav Yitzchak translates "Vayechal Moshe" as 'Moshe caused the Midas ha'Rachamim to take effect (on K'lal Yisrael). How do the Rabbanan translate it?
(b) According to Rebbi Eliezer in a Beraisa, it means 'until he was gripped by Achilu. How do Rebbi Elazar and Abaye between them translate 'Achilu'?
(a) The Pasuk continues Z'chor le'Avraham ... Asher Nishba'ta lahem Bach". How does Rebbi Elazar interpret the word "Bach"?
(b) What does Moshe's statement therefore mean?
(c) What is strange about the word "Amarti" (in the Pasuk there "Va'tedaber aleihem Arbeh es Zar'achem ... ve'Chol ha'aretz ha'Zos asher Amarti Etein le'Zar'achem ... "?
(d) How does Rebbi Elazar explain it?
(a) Rebbi Elazar also queries the word "Yecholes" in the Pasuk (there, quoting the nations of the world, "mi'Bilti Yecholes Hash-m Lehavi es ha'Am ha'Zeh el ha'Aretz ... "). What ought Moshe to have said?
(b) How does he explain it?
(c) What did Moshe reply when Hash-m reminded him of the incredible miracles that He performed at the Yam-Suf?
(d) And what does Rebbi Yochanan learn from Hash-m's reply "Salachti ki'Devarecha!"?
(a) Based on the word "ki'Devarecha", what does Tana de'bei Rebbi Yishmael add?
(b) How does this Pasuk render Moshe praiseworthy?
(c) And how does Rava Amar Rav Yitzchak explain the words of Hash-m "ve'Ulam Chai Ani"?
(a) What does Rebbi Simlai say about the way should Daven before Hash-m?
(b) How does he learn it from Moshe Rabeinu's Tefilah in the opening Pesukim of Va'eschanan?
(a) What does Rebbi Elazar say about Tefilah and good deeds?
(b) How does he learn it from Moshe Rabeinu?
(c) What did his Tefilah achieve that his good deeds could not?
(d) On what basis did Rebbi Elazar also say that fasting is greater than Tzedakah?
(a) What does Rebbi Elazar learn from the Pasuk in Yeshayah "Lamah Li Rov Zivcheichem", on the one hand, and the Pasuk in Eichah "u've'Parishchem Kapeichem" on the other?
(b) How does he prove it from there?
(c) And what does Rebbi Yochanan learn from the same Pasuk in Yeshayah "Yadeichem Damim Mile'u"?
(a) What does the Pasuk in Eichah say that prompted Rebbi Elazar to say that from the day the Beis-ha'Mikdash was destroyed the gates of Tefilah are closed?
(b) What does he learn from the Pasuk which ends "e' Dim'asi Al Techrash"?
(c) Based on the Pasuk in Eichah "Sakosah be'Anan Lach me'Avor Tefilah", what did Rava refrain from doing on a cloudy day?
(d) In a prophecy that required Yechezkel to take a copper pan, where did Hash-m instruct him to place it ('as an iron wall')?
(e) Based on that prophecy, what did Rebbi Elazar say about the relationship between Yisrael and their Father in Heaven from the day the Beis-ha'Mikdash was destroyed?
(a) What does Rebbi Chanin Amar Rebbi Chanina say about someone who Davens a long Tefilah?
(b) He learns it from Moshe, who Davened for forty days (after the sin of the Golden Calf).. How do we know that he was answered?
(a) We query Rebbi Chanin however, from a statement of Rebbi Chiya bar Aba. Based on a Pasuk in Mishlei ("Tocheles Memushachah ... ") what did Rebbi Chiya bar Aba Amar Rebbi Yochanan say about someone who Davens a long Tefilah?
(b) What does he give as the antidote, based on the continuation of the same Pasuk)?
(c) How do we reconcile the two statements?
(d) What does Rebbi Chama b'Rebbi Chanina learn from the repetition of the phrase "Kaveh el Hash-m" (in the Pasuk in Tehilim "Kaveh el Hash-m, Chazak ve'Ya'metz Libechah ve'"Kaveh el Hash-m")?
(a) The Beraisa lists four things that require constant Chizuk. The last two are Tefilah and Derech Eretz. What is 'Derech Eretz'?
(b) What are the first two things on his list?
(c) How does the Tana learn the first two from the Pasuk in Yehoshua "Rak Chazak ve'Ematz Me'od Lishmor ve'La'asos ke'Chol ha'Torah ... "?
(d) From which Pasuk in Tehilim (that we just discussed) does he learn Tefilah?
(e) What does he then learn from the Pasuk in Yehoshua "Chazak ve'Vischazek be'ad Ameinu"?
(a) What problem do we have with the Pasuk in Yeshayah "Vatomer Tzi'on Azavani Hash-m va'Hashem Shecheichani"?
(b) How does Resh Lakish resolve it (with a Mashal of a man who marries a second wife)?
(a) In the list of creations that He created on behalf of Yisrael, how many Mazalos (constellations) did He create?
(b) After the thirty Chayil (heads of the troops [for each Mazal]), times thirty Ligyon, times thirty Rahaton, times thirty Karton, times thirty Gist'ra, how many stars did He create for each Gist'ra?
(c) To what does the number of stars per Gist'ra correspond?
(d) How did this dispose of Yisrael's claim that Hash-m had forsaken them?
(a) What did Hash-m mean when, in the very next Pasuk in Yeshayah, He replied "ha'Sishkach Ishah Ulah"? What could He not possibly forget?
(b) What did He replied (in the same Pasuk) when Yisrael asked Him whether He could also not forget the episode of the Golden Calf?
(c) In answer to which query does the Pasuk conclude "ve'Anochi Lo Eshkachech"?
(d) This bears out a statement of Rebbi Elazar Amar Rebbi Oshaya. What did he comment on ...
1. ... "Gam Eileh Tishkachnah"?
2. ... "ve'Anochi Lo Eshkachech"?
(a) We learned in our Mishnah that the early Chasidim used to wait one hour before the Amidah. Which Pasuk in Tehilim does Rebbi Yehoshua ben Levi cite as the source for this?
(b) What does he learn from the Pasuk there "Ach Tzadikim Yodu li'Shemecha, Yeishvu Yesharim es Panecha"?
(c) What does the Beraisa learn from the same two Pesukim?
(d) What problem do we have with the long hours that the Chasidim spent immersed in Tefilah?
(e) How do we resolve the problem?
(a) We learned in our Mishnah that, whilst one is Davening the Amidah, even if one is greeted by a king, one should not respond. According to Rav Yosef, which kind of king is the Tana referring to?
(b) Why is one permitted to respond to a Nochri king?
(c) We query Rav Yosef from a Beraisa. What does the Beraisa say one should if during the Amidah, one sees an Anas (who will kill a man for his money) or a wagon approaching at speed?
(d) How do we reconcile Rav Yosef with the Beraisa?
(a) The Beraisa cites an episode with a certain Chasid who was greeted by a Sar (a prince or a captain) after he broke his journey to Daven. What did the Sar initially do when the Chasid failed to respond to his greeting?
(b) When he did, the Sar quoted two Pesukim in Va'eschanan; one of them was "Rak Hishamer l'cha u'Shemor Naf'sh'cha Me'od", What was the other?
(c) Before continuing, how did he refer to the Chasid?
(d) And what did he add after asking him why he did not respond to his greeting?
(a) What did the Chasid request of the Sar before responding?
(b) What did he ask the Sar in response to his question?
(c) And what did the Sar reply when, after he answered the Chasid's first question in the negative, the Chasid asked him what they would do to him if he did?
(d) How did the Chasid conclude?
(e) How does the story end?