prepared by Rabbi Eliezer Chrysler of Kollel Iyun Hadaf
Rosh Kollel: Rabbi Mordecai Kornfeld
(a) The same Mishnah in Shabbos prohibits moving even four or five boxes, if they comprise all the boxes in the store. What reason does Shmuel give to explain this?
(b) Why might this restriction ...
1. ... not apply to our Mishnah?
2. ... certainly apply to it (from a 'Kal va'Chomer')?
(c) What does Rav Nachman say about moving the fruit (in our Mishnah) from one roof to another?
(d) Why might this restriction ...
1. ... not apply to the Mishnah in Shabbos?
2. ... certainly apply to it (from a 'Kal va'Chomer')?
(a) We ask a final She'eilah with regard to a certain Chumra that applies to 'Mashilin' on Yom-Tov: whether it will not apply to the Mishnah in Shabbos, because of Bitul Beis-Hamedrash, or whether it will certainly apply there in view of the fact that there is no monetary loss. Which Chumra sparks off the She'eilah?
(b) What is the final word on the matter (regarding all the above She'eilos )?
(a) The Tana of our Mishnah permits covering fruit to prevent it from becoming wet and spoiling on Yom-Tov. According to Ula, this extends even to a pile of bricks. What does Rav Yitzchak say?
(b) What is his reason?
(c) How do we attempt to prove Rebbi Yitzchak from our Mishnah ('u'Mechasin Peiros b'Kelim ... ')?
(d) How do we reconcile the Mishnah with Ula?
(a) The Seifa of our Mishnah states 've'Chen Kadei Yayin, v'Chen Kadei Shemen'. Why does this seem to pose a Kashya on Ula? What should the Tana have said, according to him?
(b) How do we answer that?
(c) This however, is only a suggestion. Why is there no proof for Ula from the fact that the Tana adds 'Kadei Yayin and Kadei Shemen' to Peiros? Why might the Tana have included them, even if they were not Tevel?
(d) How will Rav Yitzchak establish the Mishnah/Beraisa, which permits placing ...
1. ... a vessel underneath a leak?
2. ... a mat on top of bricks?
3. ... a mat on top of stones (that are designated for building purposes)?
(a) On what condition does the Beraisa permit placing a mat over a bee-hive on Shabbos?
(b) What does the Tana say he is protecting it from?
(c) How do we reconcile this Beraisa with Rebbi Yitzchak?
(d) What problem (connected with the time of year) does Rav Ukva mi'Meishan have with this answer?
(a) Rav Ashi establishes the Beraisa with regard to 'those two Chalos'. Which two Chalos?
(b) How do we resolve the problem that having designated them for the bees, they are Muktzeh?
(c) We query this answer however, in that the Tana itself does not appear to make such a distinction. How do we extrapolate that from his statement 'u'Vilevad she'Lo Yiskaven la'Tzud'? What should the Beraisa rather have said?
(d) How do we refute this problem (to resolve the Beraisa with Rav Ashi)?
(a) On what grounds do we assume that the Sugya has established the Beraisa like Rebbi Yehudah, who holds of Muktzeh?
(b) How do we try to counter that assumption from the Seifa 'u'Vilevad she'Lo Yiskaven la'Tzud'?
(c) What problem do we have with this counter-proof?
(d) How do we therefore establish even the Seifa like Rebbi Yehudah?
(a) How do we now interpret 'u'Vilevad she'Lo Yiskaven la'Tzud'?
(b) What is then the Chidush of the Beraisa? Is it not obvious that one is forbidden to trap the bees that are inside?
(c) Rav Ashi dispenses with the need to establish the Beraisa by those two honey-combs, by pointing to the Tana's Lashon 'be'Chamah ... ' and 'u'vi'Geshamim ... ' (and not 'bi'Yemos ha'Chamah' and 'bi'Yemos ha'Geshamim'). What does he extrapolate from there?
(d) How does this resolve the original problem??
(a) We learned in our Mishnah, that placing a vessel underneath a leak is permitted. May one empty it out and re-place it should it become full?
(b) What did Rabah tell Abaye to do when a leak was threatening to ruin his mill?
(c) On what grounds did Abaye query Rabah's ruling?
(d) What was wrong with Abaye's argument (see Tosfos DH 'Teisi Li')?
(a) What did Abaye declare when his mill caved in?
(b) Shmuel permits taking out a 'Graf shel Re'i' and an 'Avit shel Meimei Raglayim'. He also permits returning the empty potties - but only with water in them. Why is that?
(c) We initially restrict Shmuel's ruling to carrying out the offensive object via the vessel in which it is placed. What did Rav Ashi once rule that refutes that supposition?
(a) Our Mishnah divides Isur Shabbos into three categories: 'Shevus', 'Reshus' and 'Mitzvah'. What category of Isur is ...
1. ... 'Shevus'?
2. ... 'Reshus'?
3. ... 'Mitzvah'?
(b) All kinds of hand-clapping and dancing (for purposes of rejoicing or music) are included in Shevus. Which other two prohibitions, besides climbing a tree, does the Tana list?
(c) The list of Reshus includes judging and betrothal. Which other two slight Mitzvos are also included?
(d) The third list (of 'Mitzvah') incorporates declaring something Hekdesh, Erech or Cherem. Which other group of Mitzvos are included?
(a) What does the Mishnah say about doing any of the above on Yom-Tov?
(b) What is the only distinction listed by the Mishnah that distinguishes between Shabbos and Yom-Tov?
(a) Why did Chazal forbid ...
1. ... climbing a tree on Shabbos or Yom-Tov?
2. ... riding on an animal's back?
(b) Why can the reason for the latter not be because one may come to ride outside the Techum Shabbos?
(c) Why did Chazal forbid ...
1. ... swimming?
2. ... hand-clapping and dancing?
3. ... judging, betrothal, Chalitzah and Yibum?
(d) Why is the following termed 'Reshus', and not 'Mitzvah':
1. ... judging?
2. ... betrothal?
3. ... Chalitzah and Yibum?
(e) Then why does he not list them together with Shevus?