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(a) Antoninus sent Rebbi ...
1. ... a plant called Gargira - as an indication that his daughter, who was called Gira, had committed adultery (since the word 'Giyora' also means adultery [Rabeinu Chananel]), and Rebbi sent him back Kusbarta (coriander) - which is the acronym of 'Kus B'rata', meaning 'kill your daughter'.
2. ... Karsi (leek) - indicating that this would mean cutting off his descendants, as she was his only child, and Rebbi sent him back Chasa (lettuce) - as an indication that in that case, he should take pity on her.
(b) When Antoninus sent Rebbi a leather sack full of gold every day, he ensured that it was not discovered - by filling the mouth of the sack with wheat.
(c) When Rebbi claimed that he did not need them because he was a rich man, he responded - by telling him to put the money aside, so that when his (Rebbi's) descendants would be threatened by his own successors, they would have funds with which to bribe them.
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(a) Antoninus would visit Rebbi secretly each day - by means of an underground tunnel ...
(b) ... in order to study Torah.
(c) He would kill the two guards that he posted, one at the entrance and one at the exit (see Tosfos DH 'Chad Katil').
(d) When Antoninus discovered Rebbi Chanina bar Chama there, despite his instructions that Rebbi was to have no man with him when he arrived, Rebbi explained - that this was not a man (meaning that he was more like an angel).
(e) Antoninus put Rebbi Chanina to the test - by asking him to fetch the man who was sleeping outside.
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(a) When ...
1. ... Rebbi Chanina found the man outside the door was dead, he was in a quandary - because on the one hand, he did not want to be the harbinger of bad news, whilst on the other, he did not wish to disobey the king. So he prayed that the man should come back to life, and brought him before Antoninus.
2. ... Rebbi Chanina returned with the guard - Antoninus commented that every Tana was able to revive the dead, but insisted that Rebbi be alone whenever he came to see him.
(b) The one who took over from Rebbi Chanina as Rebbi's Shamash was none other - than Antoninus himself.
(c) When Rebbi wished to go and lie down - Antoninus would crouch, so that Rebbi should climb via his back on to the bed.
(d) When Rebbi told that it was undignified for a king to behave like that - he retorted that he wished that he would be a mat for Rebbi to stand on in the World to Come.
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(a) When Antoninus asked Rebbi whether he would receive a portion in the World to Come, he replied - in the positive.
(b) And when he quoted him the Pasuk ...
1. ... "Lo Yih'yeh Sarid le'Veis Eisav" - Rebbi (based on the extra word 'le'Veis') retorted 'be'Oseh Ma'aseh Eisav' (that the Pasuk pertains to those who behave like Eisav).
2. ... (in connection with Gehinom) "Shamah Edom Melachehah ve'Chol Nesi'ehah" - "Melachehah", 've'Lo Chol Melachehah' (to preclude Antoninus ben Asveirus).
(c) Rebbi also extrapolated from "Kol Nesi'ehah" - "Kol Nesi'ehah", 've'Lo Kol Sarehah', to preclude all its important dignitaries (one of whom is not destined to enter Gehinom).
(d) An independant Beraisa attaches this D'rashah to - Keti'a bar Shalom.
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(a) When the Roman Emperor (not Anotininus) referring to when he asked the dignitaries of Rome when he asked what one does with a painful growth on one's leg (whether one learns to live with it or remove it), he was referring to to - Yisrael.
(b) They replied - that one cuts it out [gets rid of them]).
(c) When Keti'a bar Shalom quoted the Pasuk (in connection with Yisrael) "Ki ke'Arba Ruchos ha'Shamayim Perasti Eschem" - he meant that the world can exist without Yisrael no more than it can exist without the four winds.
(d) And besides, he added - a nation devoid of Jews is called 'Malchus Keti'a' (a deficient nation).
(e) He not want to explain the Pasuk to mean that Hash-m scattered Yisrael to all the four corners of the earth - because then the Torah ought to have written "Ki le'Arba Ruchos ... " (rather than "ke'Arba Ruchos ... ").
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(a) The Emperor was forced to admit that Keti'a bar Shalom was right. However, he cited the law that whoever outsmarts the Emperor must die (by being buried alive in a house full of earth [for putting the Emperor to shame]).
(b) When, as Keti'a bar Shalom was being led to his death, that important Roman matron announced 'Woe to the pot that does not have a lid!', she meant - what a shame it was that Keti'a bar Shalom was giving up his life on behalf of the Jews, yet he was unable to join them because he was uncircumcised!
(c) He reacted by - falling on his male organ and removed the Orlah.
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(a) Rebbi Akiva interpreted Keti'a's announcement bequeathing his property to 'Rebbi Akiva and his colleagues' to mean - half to himself and half to his colleagues.
(b) He based this ruling on Chazal's interpretation of the Pasuk "Va'hayah le'Aharon u'le'Vanav" - with reference to the twelve Lechem ha'Panim.
(e) The ramifications of this D'rashah regarding ...
1. ... the Lechem ha'Panim are - that Aharon (the Kohen Gadol) was to receive half of the twelve loaves (see the Sugya in Yoma), and the other Kohanim, the rest.
2. ... the Sh'tei ha'Lechem on Shavu'os are - that Aharon was to receive one of the two Loaves, and the other Kohanim, the rest.
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(a) After Keti'a bar Shalom's death Rebbi cried when he heard - a bas-Kol (a Heavenly Voice) declared that Keti'a bar Shalom was ready for life in the World to Come.
(b) Rebbi cried - because it struck him that some people acquire their portion in the World to Come in one moment, whereas others acquire it after many years of hard work (see Agados Maharsha).
(c) When, after Antoninus death, Rebbi declared - 'Nispardah Chavilah' (the bundle has fallen apart), he was referring to - their remarkable friendship.
(d) Rav issued the same declaration after Adr'chan, a Nochri dignitary died - because they enjoyed a similar relationship to that of Rebbi and Antoninus.
Index to Review Questions and Answers for Maseches Avodah Zarah